Hyaluronic acid (also known as hyaluronan, hyaluronate or simply HA) is a naturally occurring carbohydrate made from two molecules called glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-glucosamine (think of it like a very long chain of sugar molecules). It is found in nearly every cell of our bodies, but is concentrated in the synovial fluid of joints, the fluid inside our eyes and in the matrix of our connective tissues, especially our skin.
Its rope-like structure gives it the impressive ability to bind with up to 1,000 times its weight in water creating a compression-resistant “gel” that provides structure for the eyes and lubricates joints and muscles and provides support and hydration to the skin. However, as we get older, we tend to make less Hyaluronic acid which can result in diminished mobility, dry, sagging, wrinkled skin and other signs of aging.
The skin, our largest organ, contains about half of our total hyaluronic acid.
Hyaluronic acid is part of the skin’s natural moisturizing arsenal and maintaining youthful levels can slow the signs of premature aging. Both Hyaluronic acid and collagen are responsible for the skin’s structure: collagen keeps the skin firm yet elastic while Hyaluronic acid moisturizes the skin and its collagen. Hyaluronic acid can be taken internally and/or applied topically to help remedy dry skin, fight wrinkles and fine lines and support skin healing.
Hyaluronic acid can also help to protect the skin from ultra-violet (and other) radiation and, when used topically, it creates a film on the skin’s outer layer to help prevent water loss making it a wise choice in dry environments. The skin of the scalp has a high concentration of hair follicles in the dermal layer. This layer contains connective tissues rich in hyaluronic acid that nourishes and hydrates the follicles which can result in healthy, lustrous hair.
How does it work?
Hyaluronic acid’s age-defying abilities depend on its capacity to penetrate the deepest layers of your skin. This ability to head down deep into the dermis depends on its molecular size. Too big, and the molecules won’t be able to penetrate the skin, so they’ll just sit on the surface. Conversely, very small molecules of Hyaluronic acid have been linked to detrimental health effects so it’s a bit of a Goldilocks scenario. Many skincare brands will often include Hyaluronic acid in its cheapest form just to be able to include the ingredient on the back of the bottle. Premium skincare brands, such as MitoQ, use low-molecular weight Hyaluronic acid molecules which are small enough to penetrate the skin layers but big enough to not fall into the size category linked to harmful effects.
Hyaluronic acid works simply by holding onto moisture, acting as a cushion to keep it trapped just below the skin surface.
This leads to plump, smooth and hydrated skin with wrinkles and fine lines filled out. Combining a Hyaluronic acid-containing supplement, such as MitoQ Skin Support Complex, with premium skincare products such as the MitoQ Advanced Skincare Range, is the best way to experience the skin-smoothing benefits of Hyaluronic acid. In this way, Hyaluronic acid is introduced to the skin layers from both the inside and the outside, ensuring optimal delivery of Hyaluronic acid and the synergistic effects of the many other skin rejuvenating ingredients in the MitoQ range.