It is inevitable, a hard fact of life, that as we age our skin forms wrinkles. It might give people an aspect of wisdom, but most people do not welcome them. Billions of dollars are spent globally on treatments to get rid of them, prevent them, or at least minimize them. By understanding what causes the skin to develop wrinkles, we can justify our lifestyle, the products or methods that we use for skin care and minimize wrinkles from forming in the first place.
What are wrinkles? A wrinkle, also known as a rhymed, is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin. Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of ageing processes, habitual sleeping positions, loss of body mass, or temporarily, as the result of prolonged immersion in water. Age wrinkling in the skin is promoted by ageing, sun damage, smoking, dehydration, habitual facial expressions, and various other factors.
How do wrinkles develop?
As we age, the cell turnover process slows and elastin and collagen, which supports the skin, degrade, leading to a loss of suppleness and smoothness. Mature skin is also less able to hold onto moisture and natural oils, which dehydrates the skin. Therefore, these all lead to the formation of wrinkles.
What causes wrinkles and how can we prevent them?
- Sun exposure: Exposure to ultraviolet light, UVA or UVB, from sunlight accounts for 90% of the symptoms of premature skin ageing. The amount of damage to the skin caused by the sun is determined by the total lifetime amount of radiation exposure and the person's pigment protection.
- What can you do: Wear sunscreen with SPF of at least 15 and your skin should be protected throughout the whole year. Make sunscreen application part of your out-the-door routine.
Smoking: Early wrinkling is visible under a microscope in smokers as young as 20. Smoking not only decreases the capillary flow to the skin, depriving it of oxygen and nutrients essential to healthy skin, but smokers produce less collagen.
-What can you do: It might be hard at the beginning, but it’s totally worth the effort. Quit smoking!
Facial expressions: Over a lifetime, frowning, squinting and smiling leave their mark on our skin. These repeated expressions break the collagen and elastic fibres that form the skin’s structural integrity.
-What can you do: There’s nothing we can do to stop ourselves from making facial expressions - and nor would we want to! But be aware of deep frowning when you concentrate and always wear sunglasses in sunny weather to prevent squinting. Using a skin rejuvenation cream will also help to minimize laughter lines around the eyes.
Sleeping wrinkles: The way you sleep may actually cause wrinkles. Your sleep wrinkles depends on how you tend to rest your face on the pillow. Over years, no matter how soft the pillow is, the pressure on your face can etch lines into your chin, cheeks, or forehead.
-What can you do: Sleep on your back. If your face doesn’t touch the pillow, your skin doesn’t tend to develop sleep lines.
A healthy, balanced diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables is definitely fundamental for healthy skin. It’s also important to keep skin hydrated and full by drinking plenty of water. Using an anti-ageing moisturiser from the age of 25 will help to slow down the ageing process. A product, such as MitoQ, that rejuvenates skin cell and generate youth from inside-out is worth the investment.