Ageing is a part of life and everything we encounter ages to some degree. Atoms slowly decay into other atoms, enzymes can become denatured, and the human body is just as susceptible to the process of ageing. The truth is that there is not a single thing that contributes to ageing but rather a bunch of small changes that lead to the observable states of ageing.
Some factors that contribute to ageing include the passing of time, radiation, and oxidative damage. While these cause ageing, they do not necessarily cause the signs of ageing like skin thinning and wrinkles. Taking care of your skin and your body are great ways to postpone the signs of ageing.
While this seems like an obvious reason you age, it should not be dismissed. An example of the power of time is that a diamond naturally transitions to graphite spontaneously. This process occurs at such a slow rate that the only thing that allows for this transition to occur is time. Time has other immense capabilities like allowing water to erode away at sandstone to create the Grand Canyon, the movement of tectonic plates to create distinct land masses, and more.
Humans and living organisms are simply no match for the power of time. The passing of time allows for the human body to undergo millions of chemical reactions, cellular divisions, and metabolic processes. Additionally, time introduces more opportunities for stressors within the environment to impact the human body. The more time that passes, the more reactions your body needs to conduct to stay alive and the more it needs to repair itself. Older people may struggle with skin elasticity and age spots, their skin may become drier, and they may see related changes during natural skin ageing, not realizing how this might relate to their immune system and mitochondrial responses.
When you think of radiation you most likely think about Chernobyl or Fukushima. The radiation emitted from those nuclear plants are extremely dangerous and could definitely accelerate the ageing process. While you most likely are not walking around nuclear power plants on a daily basis, radiation still plays a large role in older adults' natural ageing process.
Radiation in its simplest form is the emission of energy. There are many different levels of radiation that vary significantly in the amount of energy that they emit. At the most benign you have radio waves and at its most dangerous you have what is known as gamma radiation.
The most prevalent form of electromagnetic radiation that humans encounter that can result in ageing is ultraviolet radiation. UV radiation comes from the sun which can cause damage to tissues. UV damage can result in skin cells getting what are known as thymine dimers. These are molecular modifications to the DNA as a direct result of UV ray exposure without sunscreen. Not only can UV radiation affect the way your skin ages, it has also been linked to skin cancer and related diseases. While a thymine dimer here and there is nothing to be worried about, constantly being in the sun can pose a problem as your DNA repair mechanisms are at a greater chance of making a mistake. If the genetic code is altered in just the right way it can lead to cancer and tumorous growths.
You have most likely heard of or seen the effects of oxidation on an old piece of metal or jewelry. This chemical process is not limited to just metals and while the process does not resemble that of metal oxidation, the body is constantly being bombarded by oxidation and oxidative damage.
Within the human body oxidative stress is caused by excess free radicals or reactive oxygen species. Both are generally damaging to your body in excess amounts. These molecules come as a result of many chemical reactions within the body. To fight back against these stressors, the body utilizes molecules called antioxidants. These molecules help to neutralize the reactive molecules described above. Antioxidants can be obtained through your diet and MitoQ is the perfect targeted antioxidant to help one of the most important organelles in the cell, the mitochondria.
The mitochondria is the cellular structure that provides usable energy to nearly every cell in your body. The mitochondria are responsible for aerobic metabolism and utilize oxygen and glucose to yield adenosine triphosphate (ATP), water, and carbon dioxide. If you imagine the mitochondria as the power plant of the cell, you begin to see that every other cellular function relies on the mitochondria to function.
If you figuratively think of the cell as a small city with many different businesses that allow the city to be self sustained, the supply of power and utilities to the city is a necessary component to daily functioning. The same goes for cells and overtime your mitochondria can begin to decline in their efficiency of transforming glucose into the power other cellular components require to function.
MitoQ comes into play by restoring the efficiency of the mitochondria by acting as a targeted antioxidant that can readily cross membranes into the mitochondria. Mitochondrial efficiency can be caused by the accumulation of excess free radicals can have an effect on mitochondrial efficiency and by targeting the mitochondria, the MitoQ molecule can help manage the excess free radicals and go back to fully functioning.
Mitochondrial decline is thought to be a hallmark component of ageing but with MitoQ you can help support healthy mitochondrial functioning for years to come.
What can you do to reduce the signs of premature ageing?
While the cause of ageing is a fascinating topic, you may be wondering about why people get wrinkles and experience signs of ageing. Even people that are relatively young can begin developing signs of ageing.
The signs of ageing are an unavoidable part of life and the best way to tackle it is to accept and embrace that it will eventually happen. While it is unavoidable, you can push back signs of premature ageing through healthy living. By living a healthy lifestyle and taking care of your skin, you are allowing your cells to function at their best for a longer period of time.
A great example of what can happen to the ageing process due to lifestyle choice is to look at how tobacco and cigarettes impact it. Smokers typically experience signs of premature ageing including hair loss and a decline in skin health and internal integrity. This one lifestyle choice can speed up that ageing process. Your lifestyle choices matter and below are two lifestyle choices to make to keep your body from ageing faster than it needs to.
Hydration is incredibly important for anti-ageing because the human body is 60% water. Nearly all forms of life require water in some capacity and humans are no exception. Water allows for red blood cells to flow throughout your body and deliver vital oxygen to your tissues. It allows you to digest, rid your body of urea, helps regulate body temperature, and so much more in health care.
Staying adequately hydrated works by supporting many different systems simultaneously. When your body is working better and more smoothly, it becomes easier for your body to repair itself and work at its best. Staying hydrated can increase your lifespan and promote healthy ageing.
Hydration is also in an important component to skin health. The skin requires water and hydration derived from the water you drink to keep the surface of the skin from drying out and cracking. If you have experienced chapped lips or skin dryness, you are well aware of the discomfort this can cause. Of course, your dermatologist will tell you that you also need an additional moisturizer to promote normal ageing (preferably one with SPF to protect your skin from sun exposure), but hydration is utterly essential for a healthy dermis.
While skin cracking due to dryness is an extreme, hydration can help your skin look better by supporting it in its daily processes. Keeping up with your water intake is important for both skin health and your overall well being.
Create a bulletproof skin care routine
The skin is the barrier between your body and the outside world. A part of the skin's job is to protect you from environmental stressors that you experience every day. UV radiation, extremes in temperature, dry environments, and more are factors that would be nearly inhospitable without the skin.
While your skin does a fairly good job at protecting it, it can do a poor job at helping itself. To support your skin health you can utilize a skin care routine that helps to rejuvenate the surface of the skin and lock in moisture. With a high amount of biological stress, the skin needs to have moisture in addition to ingredients that go below the surface to help support cells by assisting with damage sustained by the environment. MitoQ skin supplements and MitoQ topical skin care products are an ideal mix of the two and provide protection and moisture in addition to mitochondrial support to cells that truly need the help.
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to ageing skin and MitoQ provides a powerful antioxidant punch to give your mitochondria the support it needs to function at its best.
In summary, ageing is caused by a large number of factors. Environmental radiative stress, the passing of time, and oxidative damage are all thought to be contributing factors to ageing. While biological ageing is unavoidable, there are things you can do to push back signs of premature ageing which include staying hydrated, practicing good skin care, and living a healthy lifestyle.
Reviewed by: Kai Man Yuen/ BSc., PGDipSci., MSc.